How To Install MongoDB 5.0 on Amazon Linux 2

This article will walk you through installing MongoDB 5.0 on Amazon Linux 2. MongoDB is a NoSQL database server that is used to create current dynamic apps. It is a general-purpose, object-oriented, simple, and dynamic database server. In contrast to typical relational databases, which employ rows and columns, data items are kept as individual documents in a collection. MongoDB is designed in C++ for enormous scalability and flexibility, as well as developer-friendly querying and indexing.

Below are the advantages of using MongoDB database:

  • As values, it accepts arrays and nested objects, allowing for flexible and dynamic schemas.
  • It’s simple to create queries that allow for hierarchical sorting and filtering, as well as aggregation, geo-location, time-series, graph search, and more.
  • Supports sharding, which divides big datasets into several dispersed collections, making querying easier.
  • Multiple storage engines are supported.
  • High scalability and flexibility are provided, as well as automated failover and data redundancy.
  • Provides a simple-to-learn and-use expressive query language.
  • Real-time analytics using ad-hoc queries.

The following are the new features offered by MongoDB 5.0:

  • There are a variety of cloud security technologies available.
  • The map-reduce procedure is being phased out.
  • Your applications are future-proofed with the Versioned API.
  • MongoDB Atlas is a serverless database.
  • Data redistribution that is seamless.
  • Allow for the configuration of auditing filters at runtime.
  • Resharding in real time.
  • Native time-series characteristics for storing sequences of measurements over a period of time in an effective manner.

MongoDB comes in two flavors: Community and Enterprise. The Community Edition is available for free download, but the Enterprise Edition is only available as part of the Mongo Enterprise Advanced subscription. LDAP, Kerberos support, on-disk encryption, and auditing are all included in the Enterprise edition. It also offers full MongoDB development assistance.

Follow the steps below to install MongoDB 5.0 on Amazon Linux 2.

Let’s upgrade the operating system before we start the installation:

sudo yum -y update

Because kernel upgrades may be required, it is suggested that the system be rebooted following a successful upgrade:

sudo reboot

Create a /etc/yum.repos.d/mongodb-org-5.0.repo file so that you can install MongoDB directly using yum:

sudo tee /etc/yum.repos.d/mongodb-org-5.0.repo<[mongodb-org-5.0]

name=MongoDB Repository






Confirm the repository is now available:

$ sudo yum repolist

Loaded plugins: dkms-build-requires, langpacks, priorities, update-motd

amzn2-core | 3.7 kB 00:00:00

mongodb-org-5.0 | 2.5 kB 00:00:00

mongodb-org-5.0/primary_db | 31 kB 00:00:00

repo id repo name status

amzn2-core/2/x86_64 Amazon Linux 2 core repository 25,698

amzn2extra-docker/2/x86_64 Amazon Extras repo for docker 46

mongodb-org-5.0 MongoDB Repository 35

repolist: 25,779

Run the following command to install the most recent stable version of MongoDB:

sudo yum install mongodb-org

Accept installation prompt to proceed.

Dependencies Resolved


Package Arch Version Repository Size



mongodb-org x86_64 5.0.2-1.amzn2 mongodb-org-5.0 6.1 k

Installing for dependencies:

cyrus-sasl x86_64 2.1.26-23.amzn2 amzn2-core 87 k

cyrus-sasl-gssapi x86_64 2.1.26-23.amzn2 amzn2-core 42 k

mongodb-database-tools x86_64 100.5.0-1 mongodb-org-5.0 47 M

mongodb-mongosh x86_64 1.0.5-1.el7 mongodb-org-5.0 42 M

mongodb-org-database x86_64 5.0.2-1.amzn2 mongodb-org-5.0 6.2 k

mongodb-org-database-tools-extra x86_64 5.0.2-1.amzn2 mongodb-org-5.0 11 k

mongodb-org-mongos x86_64 5.0.2-1.amzn2 mongodb-org-5.0 19 M

mongodb-org-server x86_64 5.0.2-1.amzn2 mongodb-org-5.0 27 M

mongodb-org-shell x86_64 5.0.2-1.amzn2 mongodb-org-5.0 15 M

mongodb-org-tools x86_64 5.0.2-1.amzn2 mongodb-org-5.0 6.0 k

Transaction Summary


Install 1 Package (+10 Dependent packages)

Total download size: 151 M

Installed size: 542 M

Is this ok [y/d/N]: y

Also agree to import the GPG key:


Total 71 MB/s | 151 MB 00:00:02

Retrieving key from

Importing GPG key 0xE2C63C11:

Userid : "MongoDB 5.0 Release Signing Key "

Fingerprint: f567 9a22 2c64 7c87 527c 2f8c b00a 0bd1 e2c6 3c11

From :

Is this ok [y/N]: y

To install a specific version of MongoDB, provide each component package individually and attach the version number to the package name, as shown below:

sudo yum install -y mongodb-org-5.0.2 mongodb-org-database-5.0.2 mongodb-org-server-5.0.2 mongodb-org-shell-5.0.2 mongodb-org-mongos-5.0.2 mongodb-org-tools-5.0.2

Now, check the installed MongoDB version:

$ mongod --version

db version v5.0.2

Build Info:

"version": "5.0.2",

"gitVersion": "6d9ec525e78465dcecadcff99cce953d380fedc8",

"openSSLVersion": "OpenSSL 1.0.2k-fips 26 Jan 2017",

"modules": [],

"allocator": "tcmalloc",


"distmod": "amazon2",

"distarch": "x86_64",

"target_arch": "x86_64"

We need to make a few configurations now that MongoDB 5.0 has been properly deployed.

To begin, we must first start and enable the mongod service, as seen below:

sudo systemctl start mongod

sudo systemctl enable mongod

Now, check the status of the service:

$ systemctl status mongod

● mongod.service - MongoDB Database Server

Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/mongod.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)

Active: active (running) since Fri 2021-08-27 16:58:03 UTC; 2min 24s ago


Main PID: 3939 (mongod)

CGroup: /system.slice/mongod.service

└─3939 /usr/bin/mongod -f /etc/mongod.conf

Aug 27 16:58:01 vagrant systemd[1]: Starting MongoDB Database Server...

Aug 27 16:58:01 vagrant mongod[3936]: about to fork child process, waiting until server is ready for connections.

Aug 27 16:58:01 vagrant mongod[3936]: forked process: 3939

Aug 27 16:58:03 vagrant systemd[1]: Started MongoDB Database Server.

The MongoDB 5.0 database has no password and is freely accessible after installation, we must secure it.

Edit mongo.conf file as shown below:

sudo vim /etc/mongod.conf

Uncomment the #Security line in the conf file and replace it with the text below. In this file, keep in mind that the syntax is extremely essential.


authorization: enabled

Then restart the service for changes to apply:

sudo systemctl restart mongod

MongoDB can only be accessed locally by default. If you want to be able to access the database from afar, modify the mongo.conf configuration file to include the MongoDB server IP address or hostname, as shown below.

# network interfaces


port: 27017


Restart the mongod service after saving the modifications.

By default, MongoDB listens on port 27017. You may use the following command to go to the MongoDB shell from localhost:

$ mongo

Output of the above command:

$ mongo

MongoDB shell version v5.0.2

connecting to: mongodb://

Implicit session: session "id" : UUID("52f71ca4-a534-420b-bc16-0c4d95c476e2")

MongoDB server version: 5.0.2


Warning: the "mongo" shell has been superseded by "mongosh",

which delivers improved usability and compatibility.The "mongo" shell has been deprecated and will be removed in

an upcoming release.

We recommend you begin using "mongosh".

For installation instructions, see


Welcome to the MongoDB shell.

For interactive help, type "help".

For more comprehensive documentation, see

Questions? Try the MongoDB Developer Community Forums


Create a user called mongouser, whose name you may modify to whatever you wish. After you’ve inserted the script below, you’ll need to assign a password to the newly created user.

> use admin


user: "mongouser",

pwd: passwordPrompt(), // or cleartext password

roles: [ role: "userAdminAnyDatabase", db: "admin" , "readWriteAnyDatabase" ]


Here is the sample output of the above code:

Enter password: 

Successfully added user:

"user" : "mongouser",

"roles" : [

"role" : "userAdminAnyDatabase",

"db" : "admin"




Now exit the shell as shown below:

> exit


Then login to the created user above:

mongo -u mongouser -p --authenticationDatabase admin

Run the following command to list databases in MongoDB 5.0.

> show dbs

admin 0.000GB

config 0.000GB

local 0.000GB

In MongoDB, a new database is established by simply switching to a non-existing database and giving it a name. Let’s start by making a database called mydb.

> use mydb

switched to db mydb

We may now add data to the database we built before. We’re going to make a table for the user information down below:


F_Name: "fname",

L_NAME: "lname",

ID_NO: "34567",

AGE: "32",

TEL: "+2676745"


When we add the above data, we obtain the output below:

"acknowledged" : true,

"insertedId" : ObjectId("612927e2028719a727ac64f8")

Check the created table or collection above:

> show collections


Use the following command to create a user with read and write capabilities in MongoDB:

use testdb


user: 'myuser',

pwd: 'P@ssWord',

roles: [ role: 'readWrite', db: 'testdatabase' ]



Successfully added user: 

"user" : "myuser",

"roles" : [

"role" : "readWrite",

"db" : "testdatabase"


MongoDB keeps its data in the /var/lib/mongo directory by default. MongoDB may be configured to store data in a specific path, as illustrated below.

Before doing do, you need to to stop mongod.service first:

sudo systemctl stop mongod.service

Then, to store MongoDB data, establish a new custom path:

sudo mkdir -p /data/mongo

Set the ownership of the directory to mongod as below:

sudo chown -R mongod:mongod /data/mongo

Now, edit /etc/mongod.conf.

sudo vim /etc/mongod.conf

make the following changes in the file above:

path: /data/log/mongodb/mongod.log   #where to write logging data.

dbPath: /data/mongo #Where and how to store data.

pidFilePath: /data/mongodb/ # location of pidfile

Now that we have changed the MongoDB path, we need to configure SELinux and its enforcing mode to allow MongoDB to access /sys/fs/cgroup.

We need to install Checkpolicy before we continue to configure SELinux:

sudo yum -y install checkpolicy

Make a new check policy using the following information.

cat > mongodb_cgroup_memory.te <module mongodb_cgroup_memory 1.0;


type cgroup_t;

type mongod_t;

class dir search;

class file getattr open read ;

#============= mongod_t ==============

allow mongod_t cgroup_t:dir search;

allow mongod_t cgroup_t:file getattr open read ;


Now, compile and load the policy created above:

checkmodule -M -m -o mongodb_cgroup_memory.mod mongodb_cgroup_memory.te

semodule_package -o mongodb_cgroup_memory.pp -m mongodb_cgroup_memory.mod

sudo semodule -i mongodb_cgroup_memory.pp

Now that you’ve created a new check policy, load the three directories as follows:

To update the file and directory contexts, use the instructions below:

sudo semanage fcontext -a -t mongod_log_t '/data/log/mongodb/mongod.*'

sudo chcon -Rv -u system_u -t mongod_log_t '/data/log/mongodb/mongod.log'

sudo restorecon -R -v '/data/log/mongodb/mongod.log'

Do it as shown below:

sudo semanage fcontext -a -t mongod_var_run_t '/data/mongodb/mongod.*'

sudo chcon -Rv -u system_u -t mongod_var_run_t '/data/mongodb/'

sudo restorecon -R -v '/data/mongodb/'

Update the data directory as shown below:

sudo semanage fcontext -a -t mongod_var_lib_t '/data/mongo.*'

sudo chcon -Rv -u system_u -t mongod_var_lib_t '/data/mongo'

sudo restorecon -R -v '/data/mongo'

Now update the firewall as shown below:

sudo firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=27017/tcp --permanent

sudo firewall-cmd --reload

Reload and start Mongod daemon as shown below:

sudo systemctl daemon-reload

sudo systemctl start mongod.service

If MongoDB fails to load, restart it by typing:

sudo systemctl daemon-reload

sudo systemctl start mongod

We learnt how to install the most recent MongoDB version, MongoDB 5.0, on Amazon Linux 2, as well as how to create users with particular roles and create and utilize databases in MongoDB, in this article. We hope you found this information useful.



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